Facts for kindertransport

Kindertransport timeline

At the end of WWII in nearly all the Kinder would sooner or later learn that their parents had been murdered. The Nazis had decreed that the evacuations must not block ports in Germany, so most transport parties went by train to the Netherlands ; then to a British port, generally Harwich , by cross-channel ferry from the Hook of Holland near Rotterdam. So I began to tell the stories and I had the delicious experience of talking and everybody was listening. Marion Charles, then a nine-year old girl living in Berlin, took part in Kindertransport. About 1, German and Austrian teenagers served in the British armed forces, including combat units. Approximately 10, children, the majority of whom were Jewish, were sent from their homes and families in Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia to Great Britain. They ran until September , when Britain declared war on Germany following its invasion of Poland. The Jewish community promised to put up guarantees for the refugee children. The vast majority of the Kindertransport children never saw their parents again. About half of the children lived with foster families.

Somebody asked me how I had come to America. The last group of children left Germany on 1 Septemberthe day Germany invaded Polandand two days later Britain, France and other countries declared war on Germany.

Kindertransport list of names

The children waited to be processed by some pleasant English ladies sitting around a table. The others stayed in hostels, schools, or on farms throughout Great Britain. Having to learn a new language in a situation where the German or Czech native language was not understood was a stressor. During the later part of the war, they may have become aware of the Holocaust and the actual direct threat to their Jewish parents and extended family. A party left Prague on 3 September but was sent back. In Germany , a network of organizers was established and these volunteers worked around the clock to make priority lists of the most imperiled teenagers who were in concentration camps or in danger of arrest, Polish children or teenagers threatened with deportation, children in Jewish orphanages, those whose parents were too impoverished to keep them or those whose parents had already been sent to a concentration camp. It left IJmuiden harbor on 14 May , shortly before the invading German armies reached the port. Over the coming nine months, thousands were rescued. The pre-war refugees from Germany were drawn largely from the Jewish middle classes and were well educated, cultured and often with professional qualifications or experience. Within a very short time, the Movement for the Care of Children from Germany - later known as the Refugee Children's Movement RCM - sent representatives to Germany and Austria to establish the systems for choosing, organizing and eventually transporting the children. Despite the Nazis' brutal regime, many countries had not wanted to take in such a great number of Jewish refugees to save them from what they were going through. Policy[ edit ] visa issued to a Jewish woman who was accompanying a Kindertransport from Danzig to the UK. However, after the British Colonial Office turned down the Jewish agencies' separate request to allow the admission of 10, children to British-controlled Palestine , the Jewish agencies then increased their planned target number to 15, unaccompanied children to enter Great Britain in this way. Go where?

In her novel about the Kindertransport titled The Children of Willesden Lane, Mona Golabek describes how often the children who had no families left were forced to leave the homes that they had gained during the war in boarding houses in order to make room for younger children flooding the country.

So I began to tell the stories and I had the delicious experience of talking and everybody was listening. While most transports went via train, some also went by boat, [21] and others aeroplane.

kindertransport primary sources

Some children had nothing but a manila tag with a number on the front and their name on the back, [10] others were issued with a numbered identity card with a photo: [11] This document of identity is issued with the approval of His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom to young persons to be admitted to the United Kingdom for educational purposes under the care of the Inter-Aid Committee for children.

Nazi measures against the Jews had not yet escalated into the attempt at total extermination that was to come. Barnett has written a play, What Price for Justice? Some families took in teenage girls as a way of acquiring a maidservant. The authorities allowed the children to take only a small suitcase with them, so I could only take one of my dolls.

They generally favored children whose emigration was urgent because their parents were in concentration camps or were no longer able to support them.

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The Kindertransport