Gilbert Model: This is a model of the socio-economic stratification of American society, as outlined by Dennis Gilbert. School influence[ edit ] School characteristics, including characteristics of peers and teachers, contribute to reading disparities between low and high SES children.
They usually hold college degrees, but often do not hold graduate degrees; they make comfortable incomes, but have low accumulated wealth; their work is largely self-directed, but is not high status. Working class is a term used in the social sciences and in ordinary conversation to describe those employed in lower tier jobs as measured by skill, education, and incomeoften extending to those who are unemployed or otherwise earning below-average incomes.
For example, if you grew up on a council estate, went to the local state school, and work as a manual construction worker for a low wage, people would probably call you working class. Pluralizing nouns consists of understanding that some nouns are regular and -s denotes more than one, but also understanding how to apply different rules to irregular nouns.
Many of these require high expenditures, so wealth is typically needed. In American society, the middle class is often divided into the lower-middle class and upper-middle class.
Learning Objectives Explain how differences in class culture may affect working-class students who enter the post-secondary education system Key Takeaways Key Points Members of the working class usually have a high school diploma or some college education, and may work in low-skilled occupations like retail sales or manual labor.
Gender Wage Gap: The difference between male and female earnings expressed as a percentage of male earnings.